Candida albicans sounds like a great enemy which can be found in human body but actually it is kind of normal microbes which live in the gastrointestinal tract of the body. It is a fungus type with single cell. Although it is pretty normal in human body, at the same time, it also becomes the common yeast type which can lead problem especially yeast infection which can be irritating as well as painful. Because it can cause yeast infection, it must be so much better if people are able to learn further about this fungus type in human body.
Yes, the yeast can be the normal microbes which make the gastrointestinal tract as the living place. However, it can also be found in other areas of the body which is moist and warm such as parts of skin, mouth, vagina, and also rectum. The number of the yeast will be controlled by the microorganisms including bacteria which build the microbiome. It is kind of microorganism community which inhabit the body. However, there can be some reasons which make the microbial balance troubled.
Factors that Lead Microbial Balance Problem
When the microbial balance in the body is troubled, the candida albicans will increase so the fungus will develop out of control. This condition can cause the yeast infection which is named candidiasis. It is better to make sure that people know about the factors which can ruin the microbial balance in the body. The first factor is antibiotic which can kill not only the pathogenic bacteria but also beneficial one in the body. Pregnancy and diabetes can also be affecting factor which can be found. Some conditions which can impair the immune system of the body such as HIV, chemotherapy, and steroids can also be the factors.
Vaginal Yeast Infection
Once again, the imbalance of microbial system in the body can lead to yeast infection such as vaginal yeast infection. This condition is commonly caused by candida albicans although there also some other species of candida which can be found in the body. There are some symptoms which can be found when people are suffering from the vaginal yeast infection including the burning sensation as well as itching in the vaginal area. They can also have vaginal discharge with white color which looks similar to cottage cheese. This condition can also make them feel the pain during sex or urination. The vulva can also swell and get red due to the infection.
Thrush and Invasive Candidiasis
Besides the yeast infection which can be found in vagina area, the yeast infection can also be found in other areas such as mouth area. Oral infection of the fungus is called oral candidiasis or thrush. This condition is not very common in the population after all. It can be found often people with immune system which is weakened, the old, as well as the very young. There are some symptoms which can be found such as the sores with creamy white colors which can be found in mouth, gums, inner cheeks, as well as tongue. Pain when swallowing can also be experienced due to oral infection of candida albicans.